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African art - Hemba:

The Hemba are an ethnic group established in south-eastern Zaire, on the right bank of the Lualaba River. They practice agriculture and hunting. For a long time they were subjugated by their neighbours, the Luba, and inherited some of their religious, cultural and artistic practices. The Hemba worship the ancestors and thus give them great power in the areas of justice and medicine. In addition, they honour them through statues of them. The Singiti statues were glorified during ceremonies and sacrifices. Outside, they were guarded by the fumu mwalo. The Hemba chieftaincy is organised according to heredity. However, secret societies have a great deal of decision-making power within the village. These include the female bukibilo society and the male bukazanzi. The Hemba have produced many everyday objects but also masks and statuettes. Their works are highly valued.


Tabouret Luba/ Hemba Lupona, Kihona
African art > Chair, palaver seat, throne, stool > Hemba Seat

Carrying the circular tray of a seat, a female figure forms the "receptacle of a deceased sovereign chief" (Luba, Roberts). The protruding, spiky scarifications surround the umbilicus, "center of the world" associated with lineage, and those of the lower abdomen, horizontal, symbolize fertility. This stool named lupona ,or kioni or kipona , kiona , depending on the source, constitutes the meeting point of the ruler, his people, and the protective spirits and ancestors, where past and present are symbolically and spiritually mixed. It once formed the seat on which the king mulopwe was enthroned. The seats were laid out on leopard skins during the investiture of the new chief. Only after sitting on it did his speech assume a royal and divine character. Apart from these exceptional ...


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170.00

Figure of ancestor Hemba Singiti
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Hemba

Ex-collection of French African art.
Symbolizing a local chief, this Hemba effigy, whose characteristics were once attributed to the Luba, was carved to create a link with the guardian spirits. The Hemba clan leaders had several statues of ancestors whom they venerated and to which they dedicated offerings in order to establish their legitimacy. The position is classic, hands valuing a protruding abdomen, symbol of lineage. The sophisticated headdress is bounded by a tiara.

Black brown Patine. Satin surface. Split base.
The Luba (Baluba in Tchiluba) are a people of Central Africa, established in the south-east of the R.D.C, on plains surrounded by streams. Their cradle is the Katanga, specifically the region of the Lubu River, so the name (Baluba, which means the ...


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Masque Hemba Market Muntu
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Hemba Mask

The spirit of a primate is embodied in this African Hemba mask with a wide grin. Dark patina, residual crusty inlays.
Only two types of Hemba masks have been identified: an anthropomorphic type with regular features, whose pointed chin is reminiscent of statuary, and those depicting monkeys, the soko mutu, whose functions remain little known, but which probably belonged, according to J. Kerchache, to the bugabo and bambudye secret societies. The smallest specimens (about 20 cm) would have been carried in the hand during rites intended for the protection of the home and for fertility. In addition to the janiform kabeja statuettes, the statues of male ancestors, kept by the hereditary chief of each clan, the fumu mwalo, are called songiti. The Hemba settled on the vast ...


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350.00

Hemba ancestor head
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Hemba Head

This cephalomorphic sculpture presents the features of the Hemba statuary, half-closed eyes in an ovoid face, frontal tiara composed of alternating bars, sophisticated cruciform headdress. The face has delicately sculpted features highlighted by a raised pattern featuring a thin beard collar. Usually made in iroko, these objects were revered by a particular clan and stored in burial facilities in the chief's house.
Mate dark brown patina. Abrasions, Slit on the nose.
The Hemba have long been subject to the neighbouring Luba empire which has had a definite influence on their culture, religion and art. The cult of ancestors is central to Hemba society. Genealogy is indeed the guarantor of privileges and the distribution of land. All aspects of the community are imbued with the ...


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Masquette Hemba Ibombo ya soho
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Masquette Hemba

Ex-collection of Belgian African art.
Talisman mask with skewed eyelids between which points a sculpted nose in round-bump. A half-moon, toothed slit follows the contours of the jaw. Greyish brown satin patina. Slight lacks around the edge. Height on a base: 21 cm.
The Hemba are a subgroup of the Luba ethnic group living in southeastern DR Congo, east of the Lualaba River, best known for their statuary representing chiefs. The pieces called soko mutu , suku muntu , (from Swahili, man brother, and KiHemba, ibombo ya soho : 'monkey face') belonged to the cult of ancestors and existed in two forms: on the one hand large masks used during ritual dances, and on the other hand, small masks or statuettes used as gifts, were hung in the boxes as protective amulets. These masks have ...


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150.00

Ancestor statue Hemba Singiti
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Hemba

Sporting an angular profile, this figure of ancestor, intermediate between men and gods, is characterized by the serenity of its appearance, its broad head, and its position expressing a certain assurance camped on reduced legs, massive, including the oversized feet rest on a pedestal. A tiara engraved with alternating parallel lines delimits the shaved skull. The traditional sophisticated hairstyle, oiled and sprayed with red powder, then mounted on a raffia base, was arranged at the back as a cruciform element. The face is decorated with a crenellated V-beard, evoking the wisdom and experience of the forefather. Usually made in iroko, these ritual sculptures were venerated by a particular clan and stored in burial rooms in the chief's house. Oiled and velvety brown patina, locally ...


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Masquette Hemba Sukumutu
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Hemba Mask

Mastering the sculpture with talent, the Hemba have mainly produced statues of ancestors singiti , embodying leaders, local warriors, or lineage ancestors that they venerate in order to appease mizimus spirits. A wide variety of ritual objects, fetishes, simian masks, gourds, and others of daily use have made their reputation. The pieces called soko mutu , suku muntu , (from Swahili," man's brother", and KiHemba, ibombo ya soho : "face de singe") belonged to the cult of ancestors and existed in two forms: on the one hand large masks used in ritual dances, and on the other hand, small masks or statuettes used as gifts, were hung in the boxes as protective amulets. These masks have recently been renamed mwisi gwa so'o , which expresses a concept that it is a chimpanzee spirit that would be ...


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Ancestor statue Singiti Hemba Niembo
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Hemba

Ex-French African art collection.
A profile with sharp angles, this figure of ancestor, intermediate between men and gods, stands out for its alt-like attitude and its camped position showing calm and stability. The shaved head is bounded by a frontal tiara consisting of a succession of bars. A sophisticated headdress ends at the back of the head in a cruciform element. The face is decorated with a crenellated V-beard, evoking the wisdom and experience of the forefather. . Usually made in iroko, these ritual sculptures were venerated by a particular clan and stored in burial rooms in the chief's house. Oiled dark brown patina, locally matted. Desication cracks, powdery residues of red ochre bark on the base.
The Hemba, based in southeastern Zaire, on the right bank of the ...

Fetish Luba / Hemba Kakuji Kabedja
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African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Statuette Luba

The anthropomorphic figure of joined busts topped by four faces devoid of features is the powerful fetishes kabeja, also used in the Luba, and in the Kasongo living in contact with the Luba, Hemba and Songye populations, who call them kakuji. The top of the room is pierced with cavities in which a bijimba , a charge composed of magical elements from the natural, human and plant environment, were implanted. The figure has arms folded in front of the bust like the ancestor statues and offers, alternately applied, thick residual inlays of colored clays mixed with palm oil. Each of the clans had a kabeji sculpture for protection and healing. But this type of fetish could also be reserved for individual use.
The Hemba are a subgroup of the Luba ethnic group living in southeastern Dr. ...

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Hemba Jet Knife
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African art > Used objects, pulleys, boxes, loom, awale > Weapon Hemba

Ex-German African tribal art collection.
The handle of this dignitary knife, carved in the round, depicts a singiti forefather whose features appear very finely engraved. The face is highlighted with a frontal tiara and a tenuous beard collar in slight relief. The singiti refer to local chiefs, founders of royal lineages, or warlords. Golden brown semi-satin patina. The Hemba, established in southeastern Zaire on the right bank of the Lualaba, were long subject to the neighboring Luba empire, which had a definite influence on their culture, religion, and art. Ancestor worship, whose effigies have long been attributed to the Luba, is central to hemba society. Genealogy is indeed the guarantor of privileges and land distribution. All aspects of the community are permeated by the ...


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Grelot Hemba / Luba
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African art > Used objects, pulleys, boxes, loom, awale > Grelot Hemba

Ritual object used during divination sessions, consisting of two small, superimposed gourds topped with a female figure. The latter, kneeling, has a hollowed-out gourd in the cup. Seeds have been introduced into the dried fruit, producing a sound when the object is shaken.
The Hemba have long been subject to the neighbouring Luba empire, which has had a definite influence on their culture, religion and art. The cult of ancestors is central to hemba society. Genealogy is indeed the guarantor of the privileges and distribution of land. All aspects of the community are imbued with the authority of the ancestors. Thus, they are considered to have an influence on justice, medicine, law and sacrifices. Mastering sculpture with talent, the Hemba have mostly produced statues of ancestors ...


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Ancestor figure Hemba/ Luba Singiti
African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Hemba Statue

Sculpted in the style of the famous 'master of Buli' of Hemba ancestry, this male figure Luba or Hemba, whose feet were literally 'gnawed', personifies an ancestor. The hands are arranged on either side of the abdomen named difu, or 'lineage segment'. ...


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190.00

Hemba maternity statue
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Luba Hemba

This statue of African art Hemba, whose characteristics are close to Luba creations, personifies a female ancestor. Established on short, stocky lower limbs, in a discarded position, it is depicted perched on the back of a character, slave or subjugated enemy. There is a peaceful assurance of this effigy, which is both associated with the statues by the beard collar, an attribute of the male ancestor. Witness to lineage, the protruding umbilical named difu, or 'lineage segment' is highlighted by petal scarifications. A majestic head with carefully carved academic features is reminiscent of the works of the Master of Buli. The headdress worn at the back of the head has a cruciform pattern.
The Hemba are a subgroup of the Luba ethnic group living in southeastern ...


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Ancestor figure Hemba Singiti
African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Hemba Statue

This small protective figure Hemba, whose characteristics were once attributed to the Luba, embodies an ancestor. Created in order to communicate with the guardian spirits, this sculpture was part of the U-002mvidye", intermediaries between the spiritual world and individuals, which can also embody the spirits of nature in the Luba of Kasai.The leaders of Hemba clan had several statues of ancestors that they worshipped and to which they dedicated offerings in order to astound their legitimacy. This character adopts the classical position, hands valuing a protruding abdomen, symbol of lineage. It also features the sophisticated headdress, hollowed out in the shape of a cross. Dark brown part whose protrusions are abraded by use. Satin surface.
The Luba (Baluba in Chiluba) are a ...


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95.00

Soko mutu Hemba Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Hemba Mask

The spirit of a primate would be embodied in this hemba mask split with a wide rictus. The prominent forehead houses long eyelids, wrinkled by the grimace. A long nose extends vertically. Mate surface, rough, residual ochre deposits.
Only two types of Hemba masks have been identified: that of an anthropomorphic type with regular features, whose pointed chin recalls statuary, and those depicting monkeys, the soko mutu, and whose functions remain little known, but which probably belonged, according to J.Kerchache, to the secret societies bugabo and bdambudye . The smallest copies (about 20 centimetres) are said to have been carried by hand during rituals intended for the protection of the home and fertility. In addition to the kabeja janiform statuettes, the statues of male ancestors, ...


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180.00

Masquette Hemba Soko Quality
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Masquette Hemba

The Hemba are a subgroup of the Luba ethnic group living in southeastern Dr. Congo, east of the Lualaba River. They are best known for their statuary representing chiefs. The pieces called soko mutu , suku muntu , (from Swahili," man's brother", and KiHemba, ibombo ya soho : "face de singe") belonged to the cult of ancestors and existed in two forms: on the one hand large masks used in ritual dances, and on the other hand, small masks or statuettes used as gifts, hung in the boxes as protective amulets. These masks have recently been renamed mwisi gwa so'o , which expresses a concept that it is a chimpanzee spirit that would be embodied in the mask. The oblique eyelids are lodged under prolonged notched eyebrows in the center of a long pointed nose. A large toothed rictus follows the ...

Statuette Hemba
African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statuette Hemba

Tribal ancestor sculpture, intermediate between men and gods, endowed with an oversized head and figured in an assured attitude. The shaved skull is bounded by a frontal tiara composed of a succession of bars. The face is decorated with a beard, associated with the wisdom and experience of the grandfather. Usually made in iroko, these ritual sculptures were revered by a particular clan and stored in funeral premises in the chief's house. Oiled dark brown patina, locally abraded. Damaged base.
The Hemba, established in southeastern Zaire, on the right bank of the Lualaba, have long been subject to the luba neighbour who had a definite influence on their culture, religion and art. The cult of ancestors, whose effigies have long been attributed to the Luba, is central to the society ...


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180.00

Ceremonial Pipe Hemba
African art > Used objects, pulleys, boxes, loom, awale > Hemba Pipe

Sculpted anthropomorphic pipe depicting a male ancestor. Here the abdomen named difu, or 'lineage segment', forms the opening of the object. The majestic head bears carefully chiseled features. The headdress, behind the traditional headband, is gathered in multiple buns. Above, the piece flares into annelures.
Satina. Desication cracks.
The Hemba settled in southeastern Zaire. Once under the rule of the Luba, these farmers and hunters worship ancestors with effigies long attributed to the Luba.The statues singiti were preserved by the fumu mwalo and honored during ceremonies during which ...


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180.00

Hemba Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Hemba Mask

The Hemba are a subgroup of the Luba ethnic group living in southeastern Dr. Congo, east of the Lualaba River, best known for their statuary representing chiefs. The pieces called soko mutu , suku muntu , (from Swahili," man's brother", and KiHemba, ibombo ya soho : "face de singe") belonged to the cult of ancestors and existed in two forms: on the one hand large masks used in ritual dances, and on the other hand, small masks or statuettes used as gifts, were hung in the boxes as protective amulets. These masks have recently been renamed mwisi gwa so'o , which expresses a concept that it is a chimpanzee spirit that would be embodied in the mask.
Stylized version of the simiesque mask, this sculpture is characterized by its powerful formal contrasts, the pointed forehead under which ...


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Soko Mutu Hemba Mask
African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Hemba Mask

This African mask embodies the spirit of a primate. Beneath the eyebrow arches between which a long nose points, the grimace in a bulging chin squints the eyelids in coffee bean. Abrasions revealing remnants of a polychrome pastillage. Break under the chin.
Only two types of Hemba masks have been identified: that of an anthropomorphic type with regular features, whose pointed chin recalls statuary, and those depicting monkeys, the soko mutu , and whose functions remain little known, but which probably belonged, according to J.Kerchache, to the secret societies bugabo and bambudye . The smallest copies (about 20 centimetres) are said to have been carried by hand during rituals intended for the protection of the home and fertility. In addition to the janiform statuettes kabeja, the ...


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290.00

Ancestor figure Singiti Hemba/Luba
African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statuette Hemba

This statue of African art personifies a male ancestor. Carried by large feet established on a circular base, it is represented frontally in an assured attitude. The apparent sex marks the value of lineage and the hands are classically positioned on either side of the protruding abdomen named difu, or 'lineage segment'. ...


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290.00





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