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African art - Kongo:




Kongo Nkishi Yombe ritual figure
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Yombe statue

Tribal statue previously consecrated by the priest nganga whose abdominal cavity has ritual elements in the form of thorny branches. The charge or bilongo is indeed composed of various ingredients from the natural environment: clay, red wood powder tukula , white clay pembe... , but possibly human fragments such as teeth, nails or even hair.
This conjuring fetish, represented perched on a turtle symbolizing wisdom, prudence and longevity, was supposed to counter adversity.
The headdress is characteristic of the statuary of Beembe and Yombe, other tribes of the Kongo group.
Among the Kongo, the specialist named nganga ,was in charge of rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was later used to refer to the ...

Kongo Nkisi fetish statuette
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African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Kongo Fetish

Among the Kongo, the nganga performed rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was later used to refer to notions of "sacred" or "divine". The most influential category of "minkisi kongo" consisted of instruments to assist regional chiefs in enforcing the law. A metal object was nailed to a wooden figure as soon as a decision was made, each nail evoking a particular case: litigants, divorce, conflicts between communities...The nkondi wanted to ensure that the agreement that was to settle the conflict was well enforced, and that individuals feared the consequences of their behavior. His appearance thus personified the force residing there. From the second half of the twentieth century, minkisi minkondi were strategically placed along the coast of ...


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Bronze Kongo statuette
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African art > Bronze, leopard, messenger, warrior, statue, pirogues > Bronze Congo

Ex-collection French African art.
This small anthropomorphic sculpture, made of bronze, takes in miniature the canons of the Kongo statuary, especially the funerary statues inyongo or mintadi of lower Zaire, which were made of stone and represented various themes thanks to characters frozen in various attitudes. These figures form the vital embodiment of a spirit or ancestor. 
The Vili, the Lâri, the Sûndi, the Woyo, the Bembé, the Bwende, the Yombé and the Kôngo formed the group Kôngo , led by King ntotela. Their kingdom reached its peak in the 16th century with the ivory, copper and slave trade. Similarly, beliefs and traditions, they produced a statuary with a codified gesture in relation to their worldview. The sorcerers nganga, both healers, were in charge of religious ...


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Kongo Yombe Pfemba figure
African art > Maternity, statues, bronze, wood > Kongo figure

A carved figurine of the Kongo, this female effigy embodies the clan ancestor, a mediating figure.
The child embodies the matrilineal transmission of power.
The mouth reveals traditionally filed teeth, the eyes seem exorbitant, underlining the capacity of the ancestress to discern occult things.
The use of this type of carving is not well known. However, they frequently formed the motif carved at the top of the chiefs' canes. Light brown patina. Cracks and abrasions.
A clan of the Kongo group, the Yombe are established on the West African coast, in the southwestern Republic of the Congo and in Angola. Their statuary includes remarkable maternities. Among the Kongo , the nganga took charge of rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi ...


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150.00

Sundi small mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Sundi mask

The African masks naturalistic of the Kongo clans.

According to sources, these masks would belong to diviners or were worn during funeral rites.
This example framed with delicate ears, one of which is damaged, stands out for the serenity and harmony of its features.
A visored hairstyle surmounts the face bordered with raffia on the lower contours.
Ochre patina with residues of white pigments.

Height on base: 27 cm.
The Vili , the Lâri, the Sûndi, the Woyo, the Bembé, the Bwende, the Yombé and the Kôngo formed the Kôngo group, headed by the king ntotela . Their kingdom reached its peak in the 16th century with the ivory and copper trade and the slave trade. With the same beliefs and traditions, they produced a statuary with ...


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340.00  272.00

Kongo mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Kongo mask

This African mask was used by the nganga, priest-devin. Mediator mask, also present in the initiation processes, it was also used by the fetishist during healing rituals. At the same time, it could be used to identify individuals who, by their actions, could disrupt the harmony of the community.
Beautiful patina of use satin, polychrome highlights. In the 13th century, the Kongo people, led by their king Ne Kongo , settled in a region at the crossroads of the borders between present-day DRC, Angola and Gabon. Two centuries later, the Portuguese made contact with the Kongo and converted their king to Christianity. Although monarchical, the Kongo political system had a democratic aspect because the king was actually placed at the head of the kingdom following an election ...


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390.00  312.00

Kongo Yombe figure
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Yombe figure

The Solongo cultures of Angola and Yombé were largely influenced by the Kongo kingdom, from which they borrowed naturalistic statuary and religious rituals, particularly through the use of nkondo nkisi carved fetishes. This finely detailed female figure, wearing a dignitary headdress, a symbol of the mythical ancestor probably associated with fertility cults, is shown kneeling. Scarifications dot her bust. These cuts, made with needles, knives and razors, were then coated with charcoal or ashes in order to accelerate the healing process and form prominent patterns. Satin patina. In the 13th century, the Kongo people, led by their king Ne Kongo, settled in a region at the crossroads of the present DRC, Angola and Gabon. Two centuries later, the Portuguese came into contact with the ...


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Kongo Nkangi Kiditu Crucifix
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African art > Used objects, pulleys, boxes, loom, awale > Crucifix Kongo

Collection traditional African art French.
Among Kongo chiefs in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the crucifix stood among chieftain regalia as a symbol of power the authority. A ceremony at the investiture of the chief required the future ruler to receive from the hands of a dignitary, in a codified ritual, a nkangi kiditu . This insignia of power, inspired by ancient Christian crucifixes imported by the Portuguese in the 16th century, could also have had a therapeutic function, and, in addition to various uses, was brandished at funeral ceremonies during which the object was subjected to libations of oil or palm wine. Height on base: 29 cm.
The cross would not be a motif specific to the ...


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Maternity figure Pfemba Kongo
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African art > Maternity, statues, bronze, wood > Kongo Maternity

Tribal sculpture of the Kongo, female effigy seated cross-legged, supporting a child. She embodies the ancestor of the clan, a mediating figure, as evidenced by the rhombic scarifications on the bust. The Yombe indeed adorned their textiles, mats and loincloths, with this type of pattern of rhombus motifs in relation to proverbs glorifying work and social unity. The open mouth shows traditionally filed teeth. This type of figure also adorned the top of prestige canes, mwala . Black satin patina. Belonging to the Kongo group, the Yombe are established on the West African coast, in the southwestern Republic of the Congo and in Angola. Their statuary includes remarkable maternities. Among the Kongo , the nganga took charge of rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi ...

Crucifix Kongo Nkangi kiditu
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African art > Used objects, pulleys, boxes, loom, awale > Crucifix Kongo

Among the Kongo at the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries, the crucifix was a symbol of authority among the regalia chieffaux. A ceremony at the chief's inauguration required the future leader to recove at the hands of a dignitary, during a codified ritual, a nkangi kiditu. This badge of power, inspired by ancient Christian crucifixes imported by the Portuguese in the 16th century, could also have a therapeutic function, and, in addition to various uses, be brandished during funeral ceremonies during which the object was subjected to libations of oil or palm wine. The cross would not be a specific motif to the Christian world, the Kongo considering that the four branches refer to the cycle of human existence. The Kongo also used an initiation ceremony, the kimpasi , in which the ...


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Statuette Nkisi Solongo or Sundi
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African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Statuette Congo

Belgian African art collection.
Represented naked in order to intimidate the opposing forces, head turned away, this tribal statuette consecrated by the priest nganga, has a magical charge lodged on the abdomen in a glass cavity. The amalgam or bilongo consisted of various ingredients from the natural environment including red clay, red wood powder tukula, white clay pembe... , but possibly human fragments such as teeth, nails, hair. This fetish of conspiracy was supposed to influence the health, prosperity, enemies of its holder. The hollowed-out orbital cavities are also sealed with glass. The mouth is gaping. Clear patina with a satiny touch. Desication crack, base erosions.
Chez the Kongo, the specialist named nganga , was in charge of the rituals by activating a ...

Figure the U+0022colonU+0022 Congo
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Colon

Male figure sculpted in a naïve style, in colon dress. Smooth patina slightly abraded.
The Vili, the Eri, the Sûndi, the Woyo, the Bembé, the Bwende, the Yombé and the Kôngo formed the group Kôngo , led by King ntotela. Their kingdom reached its peak in the 16th century with the ivory, copper and slave trade. Similarly, beliefs and traditions, they produced a statuary with a codified gesture in relation to their worldview. Present along the Gabonese coast, the Vili broke away from the Kongo Kingdom in the 16th century and the Loango kingdom became a powerful state. Now urbanized for the most part, however, they still incorporate traditional associations, dependent on the cult of ancestors such as the Mbouiti or the Bieri. The sorcerers nganga, both healers, were in charge of ...


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280.00  224.00

Kongo Yombe or Vili Mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Kongo Mask

This African mask, offering naturalistic features, was used by the nganga, priest-devin. The sculptor has highlighted the bone structure of a face with prominent cheekbones. Mediator mask, also present in the initiation processes, it was also used by the fetishist during healing rituals. At the same time, it could be used to identify individuals who, by their actions, could disturb the harmony of the community. Light brown patina, ochre residue. Height on base (including the headdress) : 68 cm. In the 13th century, the Kongo people, led by their king Ne Kongo , settled in a region at the crossroads of the borders between present-day DRC, Angola and Gabon. Two centuries later, the Portuguese made contact with the Kongo and converted their king to Christianity. Although ...


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Kongo Nkisi Fetish Dog
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African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Kongo Nkisi Fetish Dog

Kongo fetishes are famous in African art.

It is a two-headed dog whose eyes are encrusted with pieces of glass. The body that separates the two heads is covered with nails in the middle of which we can see the cavity inhabited by the magical charge. The Kongo use these types of objects to try to solve a problem and intimidate or repel the person who caused it.

" These sculptures, anthropomorphic or zoomorphic, have long been classified as vengeful spirits, but their function is much more ambivalent. It is when the nganga completes the sculptor's achievement by pushing the nails into the nkonde that he acquires his magical charge. Its action is not a secret, its mission is on the contrary public. Once the evils and their culprit are determined, the nganga activates ...


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Female figure Kongo Nkisi
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Kongo statue

Among the Kongo, the nganga took care of the rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was then used to designate the notions of "sacred" or "divine". The most influential category of "minkisi kongo" consisted of instruments designed to help regional chiefs enforce the law. A metal object was nailed to a wooden figure as soon as a decision was made, each nail evoking a particular case: parties in dispute, divorce, conflicts between communities, etc. The nkondi wanted to ensure that the agreement to resolve the conflict was enforced and that individuals feared the consequences of their behavior. Its appearance thus personified the force residing there. From the second half of the twentieth century, minkisi minkondi were strategically placed along ...


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Statue of Congo
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue of Congo

Ex-Belgian African art collection.
This African statue Kongo has an aspect that could be attributed to the Solongo of Angola, its oval face reveals wide and fixed eyes, this " which constitutes the prerogative of an elder. Indeed, only middle-aged people can stare at us with such insistence in order to alert us to problems or odds. " Armed with the attributes of the hunter, she rests her machete on a miniature figure, a submissive enemy represented tied up. Between his feet rests a severed head, evoking power and warlike value. She is dressed in a suit made up of strings weaving raffia and canvas. Smooth, sain-like skate with ochre powder. The sorcerers nganga, both healers, were in charge of religious activities and mediation with the God called Nzambi through consecrated figures. ...


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Maternity figure Yombe Pfemba
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Yombe

Tribal sculpture of the Kongo , this female effigy seated in a tailor embodies the ancestor of the clan, a mediating figure, evidenced by the orange scarifications of the back. The child on his lap embodies the matrilineal transmission of power. The Yombe adorned their textiles, mats and loincloths, with diamonds in relation to proverbs glorifying work and social unity. The mouth reveals teeth traditionally lined, the eyes are glazed, underlining the ability of the ancestor to discern occult things. Reddish varnished patina.
Clan of the Kongo group, the Yombe established on the west coast of Africa, in the south-west of the Republic of Congo and in Angola. Their statuary includes remarkable maternity.
Shach the Kongo, nganga was in charge of the rituals by activating a ...

Fétiche Kongo Nkondi Nkisi
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African art > The fetish, this emblematic object of primitive art > Statue of Congo

Kongo African tribal art sculptures are illustrated by different expressive postures. The gesture opposite reflects a warlike and aggressive attitude, confirmed by the presence of multiple nails and blades with apotropaic but also offensive aim. The figure's physiognomy reinforces the threatening expression. The elements bilongo conferring additional powers to this statue are placed in the abdominal cavity which is obstructed by a mirror. Satin patina, abrasions and erosions of the base mainly.

Among the Kongo, the nganga performed rituals by activating a spiritual force with a nkondi (pl. nkissi). The term nkisi was then used to refer to the notions of "sacred" or "divine". The most influential category of "minkisi kongo" consisted of instruments designed to help ...

Kongo Figure
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Statue Kongo

Ex-collection of British African tribal art.
Male figure sculpted in a naturalist style, represented dressed in a colonist costume. Bicolor patina. Good condition.
The Vili, the Lâri, the Sûndi, the Woyo, the Bembé, the Bwende, the Yombé and the Kôngo formed the group Kôngo, led by the king Ntotela. Their kingdom reached its apogee in the 16th century with the trade of ivory, copper and slaves. With the same beliefs and traditions, they produced a statuary with codified gestures related to their vision of the world. Present along the Gabonese coast, the Vili broke away from the Kongo kingdom in the 16th century and the Loango kingdom became a powerful state. Now mostly urbanized, they still integrate traditional associations, depending on the cult of ancestors such as the ...


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490.00  392.00

Maternity figure Pfemba Kongo
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African art > African statues : tribal fetish, maternity > Congo figure

Ex-collection Italian African tribal art.

Tribal sculpture Kongo depicting a woman sitting cross-legged, supporting a child. She embodies the ancestor of the clan, a mediating figure. The Yombe adorned their textiles, mats and loincloths, with diamond patterns related to proverbs glorifying work and social unity, such as those that dot her bust. The mouth shows traditionally filed teeth and the gaze indicates the ancestor's ability to perceive the beyond, to discern hidden things. This type of statuette also adorned the top of the canes of prestige, mwala. Golden brown satin patina. Cracks and abrasions. Belonging to the group Kongo , the Yombe are established on the West African coast, in the southwest of the Republic of Congo and Angola. Their statuary includes ...


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390.00  312.00

Kongo Yombe polychrome mask
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African art > African mask, tribal art, primitive art > Yombe Mask

Ex-collection British African art.

This African mask was the prerogative of the nganga, priest-devin. His mediumistic abilities, which the Kongo thought they were promoting by taking hallucinogenic substances, are revealed by the glassy look on black pupils. This type of mask was named ngobudi in reference to something frightening, terrorizing. These mediating masks, also present in initiatory processes, were used by fetishists during healing rituals. At the same time, they were also used to identify individuals who, through their actions, could disturb the harmony of the community. In the 13th century, the Kongo people, led by their king Ne Kongo, settled in a region at the crossroads of the borders between the current DRC, Angola and Gabon. Two centuries later, the ...





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