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African art - African mask:

The African mask is unquestionably and forcefully what it represents, what it embodies. It can be an ancestor, a spirit, etc .... Reason why African masks are treated like humans, they are nourished by offerings, they have personal sanctuaries. Most African masks are made to dance. Fang, Punu, Baoule, Lega, monochrome or polychrome, zoomorphic, anthropomorphic or even hybrid, coated with kaolin, rough or with a sacrificial patina, they are linked to ritual cults, with various functions (agriculture, initiation, funeral , enthronement etc ...) Some have a social role, legal, police, or peacemaker.


Masquette Songye Kifwebe
African art > African mask > Songye Mask

African art among the Songye.
This reduced mask, flanked by two small vertical ears or horns, forms a variant of the "wooden mask" Kifwebe ( plural Bifwebe), of which the same type was produced by the Luba and Songye. The term Kifwebe refers to the mask, the society of masks, and the wearer of the mask belonging to the male secret society bwadi bwa kifwebe which provided social control. There are three variants: the masculine (kilume) generally with a high peak, the feminine (kikashi) with a very low or even absent peak, and finally the tallest embodying power (kia ndoshi). Matt patina locally flaked.
Height on base : 33 cm.

These African masks are equipped with holes on their outline so that, for the most important ceremonies, a costume can be ...


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120.00

Yaure Mask, Yohoure
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African art > African mask > Yaure Mask

br>Surmounted by a scene depicting hornbills drinking, this African mask of the je, or ye, is represented wearing a tripartite hairstyle associated with wealth. This specimen named Anoman, Lomane, (bird in baoulé) is part of the fourth of the seven masks je that originally danced around the deceased and bent over to touch him for purifying purposes. It also appears nowadays during celebrations. Abraded polychrome patina.
The Yaouré are a subgroup of the Akan people present in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana. Geographically close to the Baule and Gouros, one can feel the influence of these ethnic groups in yoghurt art through their attention to detail and aesthetics. The African art masks Yaoure, or Yauré, of which the Baoule have similar models, are divided into two ...


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Dan Zapkei mask
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African art > African mask > Dan mask

This African mask from Ivory Coast is distinguished by its round eyes. It has a granular patina resulting from sacrificial coatings. A small raffia beard adorns the chin, while long mats frame the face. It is characterized in particular by the surprising excrescences pointing on both sides of the nose. Matte patina with orange reflections.
This mask called "running" (pointed face, round hollowed out eyes, rhombic mouth was held against the face with cotton strips attached to the perforations of the contours and tied behind the head. The tradition was that the wearer was chased by an unmasked runner; if he was caught, he had to pass the mask to the winner, who in turn would be chased by another runner. These races were once intended to train men to run and fight. This type of ...


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Masque facial Okua Idoma
African art > African mask > Idoma Mask

African mask associated with funeral rites, of a naturalist type, it offers a face coated with white clay and marked with traditional keloids in vertical barrette, also present in the Igbos, cheekbones protruding under large eye cavities, a cut dentition. Light matt patina locally abraded, red ochre highlights. Erosion of contours.
The Idoma settled at the confluence of the Benue and Niger rivers. They number 500,000 and are made up of farmers and merchants. The neighborhood and thus the influences of the Igbo, Cross River and Igala ethnic groups have given rise to stylistic borrowings and great tribal similarities. Members of the royal lineage of their society oglinye , glorifying courage, use masks and crests during funerals and festivities. They also produce ...


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180.00

Masque casque Bulu Ngi
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African art > African mask > Bulu Mask

Belgian tribal art collection

This mask with an ovoid skull under which the eyeballs are glazed, has a gaping, toothless mouth, a wide orifice on the spot of the nose, and would embody an orangutan. Fragments of animal teeth remain embedded in the jaw holes. The contours of the mask are lined with a raffia braid to which is attached a piece of woven fabric. Locally abraded pink ochre heterogeneous patina. Sparse, crusty residues of libatory substances.
Established in the equatorial forest between Cameroon and Gabon, the Bulu are part of the Fang ensemble. Like the Fangs of South Cameroon famous for their large white masks, the Boulou also practiced the ritual Ngi , Ngil in order to fight witchcraft and poisoning. Ngi is the antropoid monkey, a fearsome animal to which ...


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Masquette Songye Kifwebe
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African art > African mask > Kifwebe Mask

African art among the Songyes.
This mask forms a small copy of the 'wooden mask' Kifwebe (plural Bifwebe), the same type of which was produced by the Luba and Songye. The term Kifwebe refers to the mask, the society of masks, and the wearer of the mask belonging to the secret male society bwadi bwa kifwebe which provided social control. There are three variants: the masculine (kilume) usually with a high crest, the feminine (kikashi) with a very low crest or absent, and finally the largest embodying power (kia ndoshi). Height on a base: 31 cm.

These african masks have holes on their outline so that they can attach a costume for the most important ceremonies, including a voluminous beard made of natural fibres. The white streaks would symbolize plumage and the connection ...


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Luba Mask
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African art > African mask > Luba Mask

Ex-collection Belgian African art.
This type of polychrome African luba mask, with a rounded structure, has similarities with the masks of the Songye. However, they did not have the same function. This category of African masks are called "bifwebe". They appeared at funerals and investitures. The nasal appendage extends into a thick ridge at the top, and a cubic mouth protrudes from it. Scaled matte patina, colored highlights. Height on base: 28 cm.
They occurred during the ritual ceremonies of the Kazanzi society, which was responsible for fighting witchcraft. "Bifwebe" (Sing.: kifwebe) would mean, moreover, according to C. Faïk-Nzuji, "to hunt death". Worn with a voluminous raffia collar that concealed the dancer, this mask was usually danced in the company of a zoomorphic ...


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Douala Nyatti Mask
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African art > African mask > Douala Mask

African mask board, very graphic, surmounted by horns in arch. It is a stylized, narrow, bovid (nyatti) face, flanked by two wings indicating ears. The piece is embellished with geometric motifs in contrasting colors. A metal blade showing the tongue extends the whole. Abraded patina. Sculpted by sculptors from Douala in the Bay of Cameroon, this type of zoomorphic mask was produced for the initiates of the ekongolo society, still active, to honor the ancestors during ritual ceremonies, and were worn like a helmet. According to the explorer Zintgraff, this mask was also responsible for hunting the uninitiated, which was also the role of the Oku masks of the Grassland. The Douala, living at the mouth of the river Wuri, organized regattas where one could admire, on the ...


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Baoule Moon Mask
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African art > African mask > Baule Mask

Ex-collection French African art.
Appearing nowadays during celebrations associated with the Gbagba dance, this African mask integrates the set of masks associated with natural phenomena, such as the setting sun, the rainbow and the moon, and "warms" the scene before the appearance of more important masks. This circular mask with a chiseled border offers a face topped with mats joined in three lobes that can be seen on many baoulé and yohouré masks. The forehead, the seat of intelligence and wisdom, is emphasized by the raised scarification. The half-closed eyes reinforce the interiority of the expression. Brown and black patina with orange reflections. The African art of the Baoule, Akan group established in the South-East of Ivory Coast, includes a wide range of masks ...


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Ngil s Fang Mask
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African art > African mask > Fang Mask

This African Fang mask illustrates one of the many stylistic variations of the Ngil Fang masks, distinguished by their austere appearance. The face is highlighted with parallel grooves evoking the tribal scarifications in use, and the hairstyle takes up one of the many models worn by the locally abraded bleached Fang.Patine.
The appearance of these masks, usually coated with kaolin (the white color evokes the power of ancestors), in the middle of the night, could cause dread. This type of mask was used by the male society ngil which no longer exists today. This secret society was in charge of initiations and fought against witchcraft. The ngil was a purifying fire rite symbolized by the gorilla. The wearers of these masks, always in large numbers, appeared at night, lit by torches. ...


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Mask Ci wara of Bamana
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African art > African mask > Ti wara mask

Sculpted by the blacksmith numu, also playing the role of diviner and healer, this vertical, stylized crest is represented here with the successive arches representing the mane of a male antelope. It would be an animal - genie called Ciwara who would have taught the Bambara to cultivate the land. The Bambara remember the myth through the stylized representation of a hippotrague antelope, whose name ci wara means "earth tiger". Wear on the top of the skull and held in place by a basketry toque, these crests accompanied the dancers during the rituals of tòn , an association dedicated to agricultural work. The masks ran across the field, leaping up and down to chase away the evil scents of the nyama and to detect any danger, or to flush out the evil geniuses who could ravish the souls of ...


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Senoufo Poniugo Mask-Heaume
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African art > African mask > Senoufo Mask-Heaume

Representations of hybrid beings, the zoomorphic African masks of the Senufo are worn by members of the Poro society, an institution that controls political and economic life. Their function is to honor the elders or to appear at funerals, hence their name, poniugo , "funeral head". Multiple zoomorphic elements are usually associated, crocodile mouth, antelope horns, warthog and ram. At the top of this mask is a stylized chameleon, an emblematic animal that preceded the creation of human beings and a symbol of knowledge, presenting a cup udddal intended to receive magical substances. Living in a reserved neighbourhood, the sculptor senufo , whose training spanned seven years, began with the making of everyday objects, and then, little by little, carried sculptures of increasing size. ...

Masque Bushoong Cuba Isheen imaalu
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African art > African mask > Masque Cuba

Belgian African art collection.
The spirits of nature, the ngesh , were supposed to be incarnated in the Kuba masks during the dances. The dancers' footprints were then erased so as not to 'injure' women venturing into the dance area. The mask appeared during the initiation ceremonies, sometimes at the funerals of notables. This warrior mask, not belonging to the royal masks, named Ishyeen imaalu and also Pwoom itok , belonged to the company babende. It features exorbited conical pupils highlighted by horn-shaped eyebrows that refer to warriors' hairstyles. Natural pigments, matte, harmoniously juxtaposed, numerous abrasions of use, break on the upper outline and native internal restorations.
The Kuba kingdom was founded in the 16th century by the main tribe Bushoong which is ...

Lega mask
African art > African mask > Lega mask

Numerous perforations decorate the surface of this African Lega mask. The coffee bean eyes, close together, surmount a narrow mouth on which incisions show teeth. Dark satin patina. This carved work indicated the stage that its holder had reached in the Bwami, an apprenticeship society composed of different grades, which was joined by wives whose spouses had reached the third level, that of ngandu.
Within the Lega, the Bwami society, open to men and women, organized social and political life. There were up to seven levels of initiation, each associated with emblems. Following their exodus from Uganda during the 17th century, the Lega settled on the west bank of the Lualaba River in the DRC. Also known as Warega , they live in autonomous villages surrounded by ...


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180.00

Luba animal mask
African art > African mask > Luba Mask

Small african mask unusual, of reduced volume, showing a volatile. In its larger version, it was worn in the company of a circular kifwebe mask accessorized with a voluminous raffia collar that concealed the dancer. This type of mask forms a fetish sculpture with a protective purpose. These masks occurred during different traditions: investitures, funerals, and rites against witchcraft in the various initiation societies. In the eastern part of the Luba region, important ceremonies are held in tribute to the clan's ancestors, deceased chiefs, and the new moon. Offerings are then granted to the spirits of nature, intermediate between the group and the ancestors. Height on a base: 31 cm.
Shout the Luba the white is synonymous with the relationship with the spiritual world and the ...


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150.00

Goma Mask
African art > African mask > Goma Mask

Ample volume whose concave orbits occupy the central part, this African mask of boa features a face with zoomorphic ears arranged in height. The defined nose is straight, and the mouth points slightly. Parallel grooves and decorative friezes highlight the features. Breaks at the contours. Kaolin crusty residue around the eyes. Dark satin patina.
Live in villages clustered around Lake Tanganyka, the Boa are organized into matrilineal clans living mainly from fishing. Little by little, they mingled with the Bembe and The Buyu established in the mountainous regions near the lake. They worship lineage ancestors, the spirits of nature named maseko and have male initiation associations karunga and kilanda . They are mainly known for their masks related to circumcision ceremonies butende. ...


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150.00

Masquette Hemba Ibombo ya soho
African art > African mask > Masquette Hemba

Talisman mask with skewed eyelids between which points a sculpted nose in round-bump. A half-moon, toothed slit follows the contours of the jaw. Greyish brown satin patina. Slight lacks around the edge. Height on a base: 21 cm.
The Hemba are a subgroup of the Luba ethnic group living in southeastern DR Congo, east of the Lualaba River, best known for their statuary representing chiefs. The pieces called soko mutu , suku muntu , (from Swahili, man brother, and KiHemba, ibombo ya soho : 'monkey face') belonged to the cult of ancestors and existed in two forms: on the one hand large masks used during ritual dances, and on the other hand, small masks or statuettes used as gifts, were hung in the boxes as protective amulets. These masks have recently been renamed mwisi gwa so'o , which ...


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150.00

Kongo Yombe polychrome mask
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African art > African mask > Yombe Mask

Ex-collection British African art.

This African mask was the prerogative of the nganga, priest-devin. His mediumistic abilities, which the Kongo thought they were promoting by taking hallucinogenic substances, are revealed by the glassy look on black pupils. This type of mask was named ngobudi in reference to something frightening, terrorizing. These mediating masks, also present in initiatory processes, were used by fetishists during healing rituals. At the same time, they were also used to identify individuals who, through their actions, could disturb the harmony of the community. In the 13th century, the Kongo people, led by their king Ne Kongo, settled in a region at the crossroads of the borders between the current DRC, Angola and Gabon. Two centuries later, the ...

Bozo fish mask
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African art > African mask > Bozo Mask

Swiss tribal art collection.
Polychromy Bozo of African art sculptures in Mali
White cream for this former African zoomorphic mask honoring Faro, water genius. Abrasions of use. Splendon on the ridge. The fin joint is concealed by a blue cotton textile. The Bozo, mostly fishermen and farmers, live in the northern part of the Bambara country in the niger's inner delta and remain semi-nomadic today, moving their homes as seasonal floods occur. Mande-speaking people, they speak sorogama. Within their group, we can distinguish the Sorko or Sorogo, the Hain, and the Tie.Besides their remarkable masks, the Bozo and Bambara are renowned for their puppets of varied size and frequently articulated, exhibited during the puppet theatre Sogow bo which organizes itself on the initiative of ...


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Crest Ci wara, Tyiwara, Bamana
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African art > African mask > Cimier Bambara

Ti-wara masks in African art.
It would be an animal - genius called Ciwara who would have taught the Bambara to cultivate the land. They remember the myth through the stylized representation of a hippotrague antelope, whose name ci wara means " fawn of the earth". This vertical sculpture of Ci Wara, where the animal is more realistic than usual, is represented surmounted by female figures sitting back to back. The masks usually danced in pairs. Matt patina, metal inlays, slight cracks of desiccation and abrasions.

Worn on the top of the skull and held in place by a basketry toque, these crests accompanied the dancers during the rituals of tòn , an association dedicated to agricultural work. The masks ran across the field, leaping up and down in order to ...

Baule Mask, Baoule
African art > African mask > Baoule Mask

In the category of African masks associated with natural phenomena such as the setting sun, the rainbow and the moon, this mask, here in a colorful version, still appears during celebrations associated with the Gbagba dance. Its carrier is supposed to "reheating" scene before the appearance of larger masks. With a dented decorative frieze, it offers several faces with tightly interwoven features. Bright polychrome, smooth patina.
The African art of the Baoulé, an Akan group based in the south-east of Côte d'Ivoire, features a wide range of masks renowned for the sophistication of their decoration. On the one hand these African masks transposing the main features of the face of a very beautiful girl or a remarkable man, "massques-portraits", which were exhibited at particularly ...


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250.00





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