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African art - African mask:

The African mask is unquestionably and forcefully what it represents, what it embodies. It can be an ancestor, a spirit, etc .... Reason why African masks are treated like humans, they are nourished by offerings, they have personal sanctuaries. Most African masks are made to dance. Fang, Punu, Baoule, Lega, monochrome or polychrome, zoomorphic, anthropomorphic or even hybrid, coated with kaolin, rough or with a sacrificial patina, they are linked to ritual cults, with various functions (agriculture, initiation, funeral , enthronement etc ...) Some have a social role, legal, police, or peacemaker.


Masque Bembe Elanda
African art > African mask > Masque Bembe

This African mask was used during the tribal ritual of the male society Kalunga, Alunga, exercising social control over the clan, and responsible for public dances and pre-hunting ceremonies. A mask embodying the god Alunga, it has four large concave orbits with a conical pupil in relief. Between the orbits a circular opening is the mouth. Evocation of a spirit of the forest, this mask was preserved in sacred caves and it was during the festivals associated with hunting and the cults of ancestors that it was exhibited. Masks of the same type also appeared during the circumcision ceremonies of the Bwami . Patina polychrome mate.
The Bembe is a Luba branch line that is believed to have left Congo in the 18th century. Their society and artistic tendency are influenced by their ...


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350.00

Ngulu Chokwe Animal Mask
African art > African mask > Chokwe Mask

The Tschokwe, in African art, have a male association, mukanda, which makes use of some thirty African masks, made of wood, for various social purposes and related to the fores: the mask cikugu, the cihongo, pwo mask, kalelwa, cikunza, but also this type of animal mask of which there are variants, ngulu, bush pig or orycterope, which was worn on a basketry base. He was also added to coloured cotton fabrics and various small objects. This mask was danced by professionals moving from village to village, who mimicped inappropriate behavior, contrasting with the civilized attitude of Mwana pwo .
Ned brown and ochre matte and abraded. Lacks on the contours.
The Bantu-cultured Tschokwe had settled in eastern Angola, but also in Congo and Zambia. Following various alliances, they ...


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490.00

Zoomorphic mask Wé, Guéré
African art > African mask > Wé Mask

A mask of "frightene" embodying an ancestor, this object is endowed, for the Wé of southwestern Côte d'Ivoire, with a power enhanced by the accessories that accompany it. In this case, a beard composed of raffia, bells, fangs and horns, attached to a bulge of fabric highlighted by tubular pearl necklaces cast with a ritual ointment. The wide gaping jaw is hemmed in with a hardened cloth that holds a cord, giving the appearance of thick lips. The helmeted forehead, whose furrows with red pigments are covered with brass nails, is adorned with two zoomorphic circular ears. White kaolin residue, matte surface.
The Dan, to the north, and the southern Wé (including the Guéré, the Wobé of the northeast and the Wé of Liberia called Kran or Khran), made frequent borrowings due to their ...


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340.00

Masque Kumu, Komo, Nsembu
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African art > African mask > Masque Kumu

African mask named Nsembu , which performed in male-female pairs, it was used by the sorcerer's society Nkunda within the clans living in the north of the Uituri region. The surface is coated with a polychrome dotillage, an allusion to the animal world, and the color pigments that adorn the bodies during the initiation rites. Patine mate. Height on suitable base: 44 cm.

The Kumu , Bakumu, Komo, live mainly in the North-East and central Democratic Republic of Congo. Their Bantu language is komo or kikomo. Several ethnic groups are closely intertwined, with similar associations: the Mbole, the Yela, the Lengola, and the Metoko. Their artistic production also has great similarities with that of the Metoko and Lengola. Their divination masks were displayed during the closing ...


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Mbole Mask
African art > African mask > Mbole Mask

With a very slightly convex structure, low relief, this tribal mask coated with a matte polychromy is embellished with raised ribs whose shape repeats in parallel grooves. The latter are still encrusted with kaolin highlights. These African masks are staged at the funerals of Lilwa dignitaries or are used by the blacksmith during circumcision rituals. Height on a base: 42 cm.

The province of Lualaba had several close ethnic groups with similar associations. The Mboles and Yela are known for their statues, according to D. Biebuck, of hanged men, named ofika . The lilwa , an association with dogmatic initiation rites, had the custom of judging and sentencing those guilty of violations of the imposed rules to hang. These offences ranged from murder to adultery to breaking the ...


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170.00

Zamblé Gouro Mask
objet vendu
African art > African mask > Guro Mask

Among the group of Mande from the south, in the centre of Côte d'Ivoire, on the banks of the Bandama, the Gouro are organized in bloodcuts, and constitute the western neighbors of the Baoulé who have borrowed several characteristics of their art creations African tribal system. Animists, they have been using a family of masks associated with the Zaouli dance since the 1950s . Like the African Goli masks of the Baoulé, all Guro masks, related to the geniuses of nature, come in two zoomorphic masks followed by a third anthropomorph, which is considered the wife of the mask zamblé , the Gu . These masks are the property of families who worship the ancestors of blood-lurking, who make ritual and sacrificial use of them in order to attract divine blessings. Priest and soothsayer share ...


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Baule Ndoma Helmet Mask
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African art > African mask > Baoule Mask

This voluminous African mask of the Baoulé, a traditional sculpture called portrait mask or Ndoma, features a hairstyle composed of braided hair topped by a feline. The face with fine features features features the traditional scarifications called " ngole". Dark brown surface mattified with a clay coating.
These portraits of the Baoulé, ndoma, which are part of one of the oldest baoulé artistic traditions and frequently represent an idealized character, have the peculiarity of manifesting themselves at the end of the entertainment dance ceremonies. The latter are named, depending on the regions, bedwo, ngblo, mblo, adjussu, etc. Each of these masks are distinguished by the hairstyles, the location and the choice of scarifications. They perform during danced events accompanied by ...


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Ngil s Fang Mask
African art > African mask > Fang Mask

Very graphic, this mask intended to unmask the sorcerers, sculpted on the eve of the ceremonies, reflects the desire to capture the mysteries of the night and intimidate the opposing forces. Accompanied by words, gestures, dances and sacrifices, he also intervened during initiations out of sight of the laymen. Patine mate polychrome.

The appearance of these masks, usually coated with kaolin (the white color evokes the power of ancestors), in the middle of the night, could cause dread. This type of mask was used by the ngil male society which no longer exists today. This secret society was in charge of initiations and fought against witchcraft. Ngil was a purifying fire rite symbolized by the gorilla. As a guarantee of peace, he also fixed the seasons, the location where the ...


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390.00

Baule Ndoma Horned Mask
African art > African mask > Baoule Mask

Ex-collection French African art.
African Mask Baoulé, known as the portrait mask or Ndoma, which brings together a human face and ram horns symbolizing endurance and strength. Cracks on internal contours. Locally grainy matte patina. Kaolin remains. These portraits of the Baoulé, ndoma, which are part of one of the oldest baoulé artistic traditions and frequently represent an idealized character, have the peculiarity of manifesting themselves at the end of the entertainment dance ceremonies. The latter are named, depending on the regions, bedwo, ngblo, mblo, adjussu, etc. Each of these masks are distinguished by the hairstyles, the location and the choice of scarifications. They perform during danced events accompanied by music and songs, celebrations, visits of personalities, ...


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360.00

Senoufo Poniugo Korobla Mask
African art > African mask > Senoufo Mask

This African senoufo mask, adorned with a polychrome pastillage, has a large mouth of tubular ears, horns and fangs, and a summit figure with a cup. This African senoufo mask with a round head, exorbitant pupils, wide toothed jaw and zoomorphic ears, is named 'fire-breather' (Korobla). It is sometimes accessorized with magical attributes. The chameleon motif refers to the emblematic animal that preceded the creation of human beings and symbolizes knowledge, the cup is intended for magical substances.
The Senoufo, the name given to them by french settlers, are mainly made up of farmers who have dispersed between Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso. The councils of elders, led by an elected chief, administer the senoufo villages.
Representations of hybrid beings, the ...


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390.00

Bamoun beaded hem mask
objet vendu
African art > African mask > Bamun Mask

Ex-French tribal art collection.
In African art, the use of pearls is linked to the prestige of the court. The Bamoun live in an area that is both full of wooded reliefs but also savannahs. This large territory called Grassland in southwestern Cameroon is also home to other close ethnic groups such as the Bamiléké and the Tikar . Stylistically, one feels the influence of this interethnic promixmity by common traits on the pieces of art, such as the tendency to represent globular-eyed joumins in the Tikar, or the application of beads on art sculptures. African bamileke.
Bamoun craftsmen have produced countless works, each one more impressive than the other. The masks, the beaded objects, the drawings of Njoya, the architecture of the palaces, reflect the quality and diversity ...


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Masque Mbole/Yela
African art > African mask > Mbole Mask

Shallow mask, with streaks and punctures. These African masks are staged at the funerals of Lilwa dignitaries or are used by the blacksmith during circumcision rituals. In the Yela, the masks associated with the company ekanga are kept in a basket stored in a box. Locally abraded dark patina.
The province of Lualaba had several close ethnic groups with similar associations. The Mboles and Yela are known for their statues, according to D. Biebuck, of hanged men, named ofika . The lilwa , an association with dogmatic initiation rites, had the custom of judging and sentencing those guilty of violations of the imposed rules to hang. These offences ranged from murder to adultery to breaking the secrecy surrounding the lilwa . Disgraced, the bodies of condemned men had no funerals and ...


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350.00

Nawantante Bwa composite mask
African art > African mask > Bwa Mask

Incarnate a spirit, this African mask abstractly evoking the bird calao or nwo is surmounted by a vertical plank on which a crocodile figure is raised. The holder of the mask and his family worshipped the object through offerings such as millet beer, while invoking its protection. The surface, on each side of the mask, is animated by symbolic geometric patterns. The dark patina was usually obtained from charcoal and gum pods. Drippings and abrasions.

Population established on both sides of the Black Volta in Burkina Faso and Mali, the Bwa are divided into three endogamous castes: blacksmiths, griots and farmers. The Bwa believe in a god Difini creator of the world, who later abandoned him to his son Do. Do, whose emblem is an iron rhombe named alive , is supposed to intervene ...


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490.00

Large bedu Nafana mask
African art > African mask > Nafana Mask

This flat African mask, always topped with a disc or arched horns, offers geometric surfaces whose vegetable coating reduces polychromy. In the form of an abstract sculpture, he possessed the peculiarity of performing as a couple. Three orifices have been set up for the dancer's vision. Symbols of abundance and fertility, these masks of Nafana origin (northeastern Côte d'Ivoire and northwestern Ghana) were released during ceremonies related to the agrarian rites zaurau. The cult Bedu according to Bravmann, in a village nafana and spread to Kulango and Mandish-speaking communities such as the Hwéla. This new type of masks appeared around 1930 following the prohibition by the colonial authorities of large flat masks linked to a secret society that was supposed to fight witchcraft and ...


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380.00

Masque facial Igbo
objet vendu
African art > African mask > Igbo Crest

African art and the spectacular crest masks of the Igbo
Classic version of the Igbo African mask Agbogo Mmwo borrowing traditional conventions glorifying youth and beauty, this mask has thin horizontal incisions indicating the eyes, a narrow face covered in white, scarifications and tattoos in checkered or lozenges with a dark hue. Three open fins topped with circular growths, "à bouchons", and thick side braids make up its sophisticated hairstyle.
The white color of the mask refers to ancestral spirits, these masks frequently accompanying the deceased during funeral rites. Indeed, mmwo means " spirit of the dead". A polychrome composed of blue, red and white enhances the room. The Igbo live in the forest in southeastern Nigeria. They managed to associate a deep sense of ...


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Masque Bembe du Bwami
African art > African mask > Masque Bembe

Large concave eye sockets, in which the globular eyelids are incised, dominate in this African mask Bembe. The horns of the forehead are born from the same base. The frightened owl would have inspired these zoomorphic characters. A rectangular mouth is incised with teeth. These masks accompanied the rituals of passage during the circumcision ceremonies of the Bwami.Patine polychrome mate.

The Bembe ethnic group is a Luba branch line that is believed to have left Congo in the 18th century to settle near Tanzania and Burundi. Their society and artistic tendency are influenced by their neighbouring ethnic groups in the Lake Tanganyika region, the Lega, the Buyu, etc. Indeed, like the Lega, the Bembe had a Bwami association responsible for initiation and structuring for society ...


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280.00

Markha Bambara polychrome hem mask
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African art > African mask > Bamanat Mask

The dome that forms the base of the mask is topped by a long emaciated face whose ringed neck ends in the posterior part. Bringing together animal and human details, this mask recalls the Ci Wara cimiers promoting fertility. It has a curved flat horn. Multicolored geometric patterns and graphic symbols are painted on this mask, likely in relation to the sixteen signs used in geomancia in the Bambaras. The zigzag lines would represent the movements of the sun, with certain angles showing the cardinal points, with each additional element participating in the reading of these signs. Polychrome patina, desication cracks, polychromy abrasions.

Markha are organized into structured and hierarchical mask societies. They have an initiation language, a means of communication in the ...

Mask Vuvi / Tsogho Gabon
African art > African mask > Vuvi Mask

Related to the African Okuyi masks of the Punu tribes Shira , African masks produced by the peripheral groups, Vuvi, Galoa and Mitsogho, are also covered with white pigments with apotropaic aims. Some, discreetly polychrome like our copy, sport burgundy red highlights. The slanted visor headdress, reminiscent of a hair fashion in the Shira group, was the front part of a cozy hairstyle. Lacking scarifications, it has protruding eyelids, a triangular nose and a diamond mouth that seems to emit a breath. Erosions. Powdery and grainy patina.
The Mitsogho , Sogho, is established in a forested area on the right bank of the Ngoumé River. The company Bwiti , or Bweté, which has a system of reliquaries comparable to that of the Fang and Kota, formed the cohesion of the mitsogho families. ...


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280.00

Baule Kplé kplé mask
African art > African mask > Goli Mask

This flat, circular African mask, the least important in the hierarchy of African Masks of the Goli, equipped with hollowed-out eyes topped with protruding pupils, offers a rectangular mouth in which a teeth is chiseled, in relation to the traditional image of teeth among young people. It is topped with arched horns. The female mask kouassi gbe or kplekple , according to some authors (African Barbier-Mueller Masks, p.116) is red. Vogel (Baule) indicates, however, that in the Baoulé version of the Goli the male mask is painted red, and the feminine in black. It is likely that this allocation varies from village to village. Usually preceding the manifestation of a series of family masks. Goli, this circular mask with rounded horns evoking the antelope, appears briefly during the day and ...


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390.00

Mask Lwena Mukishi wa Pwo
African art > African mask > Lwena Mask

This mask featuring a female ancestor, Pwevo, is engraved with checkered patterns associated with traditional ethnic scarifications. These details differentiate it from Tschokwe productions despite the relative similarity of their masks. Dark brown matte patina.
As Lunda origin, the Lwena emigrated from Angola to Zaire in the 19th century, repelled by the Chokwe. Some became slave traders, and others, the Lovale, found refuge in Zambia and near the Zambezi in Angola. Their society is matrilineal, exogamous and polygamous. The Lwena became known for their often honey-coloured sculptures, embodying figures of deceased ancestors and chiefs, and their masks related to the initiation rites of the mukanda . A piece collected by the painter 'a ...


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180.00

Mask Mukisi a kukaya Luba Kifwebe
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African art > African mask > Luba Mask

Parallel, bleached engravings are dug on this luba mask depicting a rooster with a bifide beak. These lines would symbolize the stripes of the antelope, the galleries emrpunted by the founding spirits of the company Bukishi , or the labyrinth that the initiates must go through. The Bukishi is a society of social and judicial control. Desication cracks, abrasions. Patina polychrome mate.
This type of zoomorphic mask kifwebe (sg.: bifwebe) comes from the Luba Upemba established on the banks of the Lualaba and on the shores of Lake Upemba. They have carved figures and insignia of prestige, but also, like the Luba of the east, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic masks. These masks performed in various ceremonies: investitures, funerals, and rituals against witchcraft in the various ...





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